On the southeastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula is the independent state of Oman. Because of its strategic position at the edge of the Arabian Gulf, it shares land borders with major countries in the Middle East, namely Saudi Arabia (west), the United Arab Emirates (northwest), and Yemen (southwest). It also shares marine borders with Pakistan and Iran.
Its capital city is Muscat. There, many nationals enjoy the cultural influences of the country's Arab neighbors. What makes it distinct from other countries in the Middle East is its greater cultural diversity, caused by its historical expansions to the Indian Ocean and Swahili Coast.