Ecuador is actually a country on the west coast of South America named after the equator. It has several landscapes, including Andean highlands, the Amazon jungle, and the rich wildlife of the Galápagos Islands. The country is surrounded by Peru to the southeast, Colombia to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and shares maritime boundaries with Costa Rica.
A total population of nearly 16.7 million people resides in Ecuador. Quito is its capital, while Guayaquil is the largest city in the nation. The country covers 283,561 sq km area of land, showing it to be smaller than Italy. It has two official languages, Spanish and Quechua.