Tunisia is a country in the region of the Maghreb of northernmost Africa, surrounded by Libya, Algeria, and the Mediterranean Sea. It is the smallest among northern African countries, with about 12 million people and a total area of 165,000 sq. km. Tunis, Tunisia's capital, is in the north-eastern part of the country.
While the Sahara desert lies in the south, other parts of the country are fertile soils. In history, Tunisia played an evident role for being the city of Carthage's location and later, the province of Roman Africa. Tunisia has twelve oil and gas fields, and its economy is based on agriculture, mining, oil, and tourism.