Moldova lies east of the Carpathian Mountains range sandwiched between Romanian and Ukrainian territory. It was part of the Soviet Union until its collapse in 1991. Since its independence, Moldova has had strained ties with Russia. This played out in 1990 as the separatist region of Transnistria claimed its independence partly aided by Russian forces.
The official national language is Moldovan, a dialect of the Romanian language. For many years its economy heavily relied on the export of agricultural products to Russia. Still, after it joined the European Union in 2013, Moldova diversified its balance of payments to include electrical equipment and machinery at 18.6% of all exports according to 2018 statistics.