Jamaica is actually an island nation in the Caribbean. It borders Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and the Cayman Islands. It gained its independence in 1962. The original inhabitants were native Indians, but today the population is African, European, Indian, and mixed-race.
Despite its relatively small size, Jamaica has firmly established itself as a contributor to religion, sports, and politics. Among its most famous sons is Marcus Garvey, who migrated to the US in 1916. Garvey is known to be among the first black people to advance pan-Africanism in the Americas. Jamaica is also home to Rastafarianism and reggae and dancehall music. Other famous people with Jamaican roots are Usain Bolt and Raheem Sterling.