Landlocked Afghanistan is unfortunately dogged by a history of warring factions, partly due to its position on a trade route that connects Asia to Europe and the Middle East and also due to a multi-ethnic population. Despite having a reasonably sized economy, its GDP is one of the lowest in the world.
Afghanistan is at least 480km (300 miles) from the nearest coast. Its landscape is dominated by a beguiling mix of deserts and mountains. The country has a population of 32 million, almost 4.5 million of whom live in its capital and largest city, Kabul, which, despite being a frequent target for terrorist attacks, is actually the fifth fastest-growing city in the world.